Belong to the family of insects known as Cimicidae. All members of this family of insects feed exclusively on blood which they require in order to develop and reproduce. There are a number of closely related species in this family that feed on birds, bats and other animals. However, the species most adapted to living with humans is the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius, which is found worldwide. The immature bugs go through five developmental stages before reaching maturity. A blood meal is required between each stage. As the immature bed bugs develop they continue to become larger and darker until reaching adulthood. Under favorable conditions (70-90°F), bed bugs can complete development (from egg to adult) in one and half – two months. Cool temperatures or limited access to a blood meal may extend the developmental period. Adults will typically live for just under a year. The adult females typically deposit up to 5 eggs per day depositing them in a wide variety of locations, both on and away from the bed. An adult female may lay up to 500 eggs during her lifetime.
Bed bugs are nocturnal insects and lead a very cryptic lifestyle. As a result, bed bugs are often present for weeks or even months before a single bug is ever seen by the occupants of an infested structure. They live in cracks and crevices associated with bed frames, head boards, mattresses and box springs. However they also will disperse away from the bed and can live between or beneath floorboards, carpeting, under decorative moldings, in or under furniture, behind picture frames, inside wall voids, etc. There is virtually no crack too small for this insect to occupy. It is from these secluded cracks and crevices that the bugs emerge during the nighttime hours to feed on their sleeping host.
In the absence of a host, bed bugs can continue to survive for many months without a blood meal. In fact it has been reported that in some cases bed bugs can survive a year or more without feeding.
How Do I know If I Have Bed Bugs?
The most important aspect of treating a bed bug infestation is early detection. The earlier you detect a problem, the quicker you can eliminate it and the less it will cost you. The topics below will help you understand how to detect bed bugs using monitors and other methods, and what you can do if you confirm a bed bug problem in your home.
The detection of bed bugs can be very difficult and bed bugs can easily go undetected during an inspection particularly during the early stages of an infestation when only a few bugs or eggs are present.
Even the most qualified inspector will be challenged when the entire infestation consists of only one or two bed bugs or eggs that are present on a piece of luggage that hitch hiked a ride back to your house after a recent stay at a hotel.
Visual inspection is the most common but it is also the most unreliable due to the cryptic nature of bed bugs and their ability to hide in very narrow cracks and crevices such as baseboards, furniture or floor boards almost invisible to the untrained eye. The best tool is a reliable flashlight and magnifying glass.
There are many monitoring tools available today that are reliable, but regardless of what method or device implemented, the failure to identify bugs cannot be used as an indicator that no bugs are present. Low level infestations can still escape detection regardless of the detection methods implemented.
For more info, here is a link to the Illinois Department of Public Health.
Conventional Treatment – The service consists of a multi-faceted approach to eliminate the bed bug threat. Communication, Cooperation and Education are the key to successful treatments.
Not only can bed bugs be physically stressful they can also have lasting psychological affects as well. These parasites invade and infest all socioeconomic levels and because of their excellent hitchhiking abilities can be transferred anywhere. Grizz Pest Management, Inc. has extensive experience to handle the threat of bed bugs.
Grizz Pest will:
- Perform a detailed and thorough inspection
- Educate you on the habits of bed bugs
- Explain in detail the preparations needed before service can begin
- Conduct the service using necessary methods to eliminate the threat
- Provide insight on the risks of re-infestation and how to avoid it
For commercial locations, Grizz Pest will perform the above as well as provide ongoing assistance to help manage continued treatment and prevention of bed bug infestations throughout your facility.